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Module Code - Title:

BY4204 - PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

Year Last Offered:

2019/0

Hours Per Week:

Lecture

2

Lab

0

Tutorial

1

Other

0

Private

7

Credits

6

Grading Type:

N

Prerequisite Modules:

BY4002
BY4001

Rationale and Purpose of the Module:

To introduce students to the basic concepts and principles of human physiology On completion of the module students will be able to: demonstrate a knowledge of the structure and function of major human physiological systems. Additionally, the influence and relationship between various human physiological conditions and metabolism of nutrients will be considered.

Syllabus:

This module will examine the structure and function of the major human physiological systems. Physiology of the blood, circulation and lymphatic systems. The nervous system: central, peripheral and autonomic. Physiology of skeletal, muscle and integumentary systems. The respiratory system: mechanical properties of breathing, pulmonary and bronchial circulation, the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide. The digestive system: the gastro-intestinal tract, intake and absorption of nutrients. The renal system: kidney structure and function, osmoregulation and homeostasis, regulation of acid balance. The endocrine system: regulation of calcium and phosphate metabolism. Reproductive system. Sensory system: perception of taste and aroma. The influence of physiological conditions on nutrient absorption will be considered e.g. inborn errors of metabolism on iron metabolism. The impact of food constituents on physiology will be examined e.g. ingestion of toxins.

Learning Outcomes:

Cognitive (Knowledge, Understanding, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Synthesis)

Describe the functions of the major physiological systems of the human body. Compare the physiology of the cardiovascular system with the physiology of respiratory system. Compare and contrast the role of a range of human physiological processes associated with homeostasis. Describe the processes associated with positive and negative feedback systems in human physiology. Evaluate the influence and relationship between various human physiological conditions and metabolism of nutrients. Discuss the impact of particular food constituents and physiological conditions on human physiology. Identify the factors that influence ion metabolism within human physiological systems. Demonstrate proficiency in the completion of an assignment exercise associated with the principles of human physiology.

Affective (Attitudes and Values)

Appreciate the value of an in-depth knowledge of human physiology as applied to the study of food science and health.

Psychomotor (Physical Skills)

N/A

How the Module will be Taught and what will be the Learning Experiences of the Students:

Teaching and learning will include such methods as, lectures, tutorials, discussions, group work, self-directed learning, recommended reading, reflection, seminars and workshops.

Research Findings Incorporated in to the Syllabus (If Relevant):

N/A

Prime Texts:

Fox, S. (2007) Human Physiology, 10th ed. , United States: McGraw-Hill
Guyton, A. and Hill, J. (1997) Human Physiology and Mechanisms of Disease, 6th ed. , Philadelphia: Saunders
Sherwood, L. (2007) Human Physiology: from Cells to Systems, 6th ed. , California: Brooks Cole

Other Relevant Texts:

Porth, C. (2008) Pathophysiology: concepts of altered health states, 8th ed. , Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Rhoades, R. and Pflanzer, R. (2003) Human Physiology, 4th ed. , Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Programme(s) in which this Module is Offered:

Semester - Year to be First Offered:

Spring - 09/10

Module Leader:

andreas.grabrucker@ul.ie