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Module Code - Title:

PY4112 - PHYSIOLOGY AND ANATOMY AND PEDAGOGY OF HRA

Year Last Offered:

2021/2

Hours Per Week:

Lecture

2

Lab

2

Tutorial

0

Other

0

Private

6

Credits

6

Grading Type:

Prerequisite Modules:

Rationale and Purpose of the Module:

This course is a unique opportunity to become familiar with key concepts in kinesiology, the study of human movement, and physiology, the study of how the body functions. It will also examinethe role of physical activity (PA) and related themes (link with sport, health, etc.), while particular emphasis will be placed on the role of Health-Related and Skill-Related Fitness (HRF / SRF) in Physical Education (PE). To enable students to understand the basic anatomy of the musculo-skeletal system and how the system functions in normal motion such as walking gait.To enable students to understand the basic physiology of the systems which support movement in the body. Apply the concepts to a physical education/ activity environment.

Syllabus:

Anatomical terms and definitions. Identification and functions of the musculo-skeletal system. Structure and type of bones and muscles. Kinesiological analysis of simple joint movements and analysis of posture. Forms of motion. The nervous system and the brain; nerve structure and function, nerve transmission; the action potential, the neuromuscular junction, neurotransmitters; The central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, autonomic and somatic nervous systems. Structure and function of muscle fibres; organisation into motor units; Motor unit recruitment in muscle contraction. Functional properties of muscle. The circulatory system; structure and function of the heart; blood vessel structure and function; blood pressure and its measurement. The respiratory system; structure and function of the upper respiratory tract, the lungs, pulmonary ventilation, and pulmonary gas exchange. Practical application will include an introduction to the concept and application of fundamental movement skills, in addition to the various components of HRF & SRF; an introduction to, and personal experience of, field tests for both; warm up and cool down procedures; health appraisals and screening; components of physical fitness (PF); principles of training specific to HRF and PF; and field tests for physical fitness. Principles of effective measurement (validity, reliability, safety, objectivity, etc.) will play a key role throughout this course and this will become particularly evident during physical assessments and testing. Students will also be introduced to the concept of a personal profile and all related issues that combine to create such a synopsis of an individual's physical status (assessment results, change over time, training log, etc.).

Learning Outcomes:

Cognitive (Knowledge, Understanding, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Synthesis)

Demonstrate a sound understanding of the physiology and anatomy (muscle contraction, joints, nervous system, range of movement, cardiovascular system) Identify the key principles associated with fundamental movement skills and their application in physical activity, sport and functional scenarios. List the components of health-related and skill-related fitness and demonstrate field-based tests to measure performance indicators related to each component

Affective (Attitudes and Values)

Describe the role of the nervous system in motor control. Describe the role and function of the cardiovascular system. Describe the role and function of the respiratory system. Demonstrate their appreciation of the different levels of physical fitness in a typical group of individuals (e.g. a typical P.E. class) by modifying any testing procedures where appropriate

Psychomotor (Physical Skills)

Carry out analyses of simple movements and posture and discuss methods for prevention of injury during exercise. Carry out and analyse exercises that to both anatomy and physiology. Create their own 'Personal Profile', whereby they will record and interpret their performance in a variety of physical tests Through physical activity, experience various concepts (e.g., FITT principle, Stairway to Lifetime Fitness, etc.), as they relate to the HRA curricular model

How the Module will be Taught and what will be the Learning Experiences of the Students:

Proactive: Demonstrate mastery of the body in co-operative, interdependent group situations Responsible: Articulate an awareness of the need to care for oneself, others, the area and equipment used in activities, and the implications of this in a school environment Recent development and research findings: The learning outcomes and content of this module will be informed by recent developments in research currently being driven by the PESS research priority area - Sport Pedagogy and Physical Education, Physical Activity and Youth Sport (PEPAYS) Research Centre

Research Findings Incorporated in to the Syllabus (If Relevant):

Prime Texts:

Corbin, C.B. and R .Lindsey (1997) Concepts of Physical Fitness (9e) , Dubuque, IA: W.C. Brown
Corbin, C.B. (2003) Concepts of physical fitness: Active lifestyles for wellness, (11th edition) , Dubuque, IA: W.C. Brown
Howley E., Franks B (2003) Health Fitness Instructors Handbook, 4th Ed , Human Kinetics
Rhoades R., Pflanzer R. (2003) Human Physiology 4th Edition. , Thomson Brooks Cole Publishers.
Stanfield C.L. (2011) Principles of Human Physiology. , Benjamin Cummings publishing as Pearson
Thompson, C.W (2000) Manual of Structural Kinesiology (14e) , Singapore: McGraw-Hill.
Widmaier E.P., Raff H. and Strang K.T. (2010) Human Physiology 12th Ed. , McGraw Hill.
Woods, C.B., Tannehill, D., Quinlan, A., Moyna, N., & Walsh, J. (2010) The children's sport participation and physical activity study (CSPPA) , School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University andthe Irish Sports Council: Dublin, Ireland

Other Relevant Texts:

Daniels, L., Worthingham, C.A. (2007) Muscle Testing. , W.B. Saunders Co.
Hay, J.G., Reid, J.G. (1998) Anatomy Mechanics and Human Movement. , Prentice Hall
Jones, D.A., Round, J. (1990) Skeletal muscle in health and disease. , Manchester University Press
Lieber, R.L. (1992) Skeletal muscle structure and Function. 3rd edition. , Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Lockhart, B. (1974) Living Anatomy. , Faber
Luttgens, K. Hamilton, N. (2011) Kinesiology 12th Edition , McGraw-Hill
McComas, A.J. (1996) Skeletal Muscle form and function. , McGraw-Hill
Stone, R.J. Stone, J.A. (1990) Atlas of the Skeletal Muscles. 7th edition. , W.C. Brown

Programme(s) in which this Module is Offered:

BSPHEDUFA - Physical Education

Semester - Year to be First Offered:

Module Leader:

tom.comyns@ul.ie